Python – Creating an empty MultiIndex

multi-indexpandaspython

I would like to create an empty DataFrame with a MultiIndex before assigning rows to it. I already found that empty DataFrames don't like to be assigned MultiIndexes on the fly, so I'm setting the MultiIndex names during creation. However, I don't want to assign levels, as this will be done later. This is the best code I got to so far:

def empty_multiindex(names):
    """
    Creates empty MultiIndex from a list of level names.
    """
    return MultiIndex.from_tuples(tuples=[(None,) * len(names)], names=names)

Which gives me

In [2]:

empty_multiindex(['one','two', 'three'])

Out[2]:

MultiIndex(levels=[[], [], []],
           labels=[[-1, -1, -1], [-1, -1, -1], [-1, -1, -1]],
           names=[u'one', u'two', u'three'])

and

In [3]:
DataFrame(index=empty_multiindex(['one','two', 'three']))

Out[3]:
one two three
NaN NaN NaN

Well, I have no use for these NaNs. I can easily drop them later, but this is obviously a hackish solution. Anyone has a better one?

Best Solution

The solution is to leave out the labels. This works fine for me:

>>> my_index = pd.MultiIndex(levels=[[],[],[]],
                             labels=[[],[],[]],
                             names=[u'one', u'two', u'three'])
>>> my_index
MultiIndex(levels=[[], [], []],
           labels=[[], [], []],
           names=[u'one', u'two', u'three'])
>>> my_columns = [u'alpha', u'beta']
>>> df = pd.DataFrame(index=my_index, columns=my_columns)
>>> df
Empty DataFrame
Columns: [alpha, beta]
Index: []
>>> df.loc[('apple','banana','cherry'),:] = [0.1, 0.2]
>>> df
                    alpha beta
one   two    three            
apple banana cherry   0.1  0.2

Hope that helps!

For Pandas Version >= 0.25.1: The keyword labels has been replaced with codes

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