Python dict how to create key or append an element to key

dictionarypythonpython-2.7python-3.x

I have an empty dictionary. Name: dict_x
It is to have keys of which values are lists.

From a separate iteration, I obtain a key (ex: key_123), and an item (a tuple) to place in the list of dict_x's value key_123.

If this key already exists, I want to append this item.
If this key does not exist, I want to create it with an empty list and then append to it or just create it with a tuple in it.

In future when again this key comes up, since it exists, I want the value to be appended again.

My code consists of this:

Get key and value.

See if NOT key exists in dict_x.

and if not create it: dict_x[key] == []

Afterwards: dict_x[key].append(value)

Is this the way to do it? Shall I try to use try/except blocks?

Best Solution

Use dict.setdefault():

dict.setdefault(key,[]).append(value)

help(dict.setdefault):

    setdefault(...)
        D.setdefault(k[,d]) -> D.get(k,d), also set D[k]=d if k not in D