Python – elasticsearch scrolling using python client

elasticsearchpyelasticsearchpython

When scrolling in elasticsearch it is important to provide at each scroll the latest scroll_id:

The initial search request and each subsequent scroll request returns
a new scroll_id — only the most recent scroll_id should be used.

The following example (taken from here) puzzle me. First, the srolling initialization:

rs = es.search(index=['tweets-2014-04-12','tweets-2014-04-13'], 
               scroll='10s', 
               search_type='scan', 
               size=100, 
               preference='_primary_first',
               body={
                 "fields" : ["created_at", "entities.urls.expanded_url", "user.id_str"],
                   "query" : {
                     "wildcard" : { "entities.urls.expanded_url" : "*.ru" }
                   }
               }
   )
sid = rs['_scroll_id']

and then the looping:

tweets = [] while (1):
    try:
        rs = es.scroll(scroll_id=sid, scroll='10s')
        tweets += rs['hits']['hits']
    except:
        break

It works, but I don't see where sid is updated… I believe that it happens internally, in the python client; but I don't understand how it works…

Best Solution

Using python requests

import requests
import json

elastic_url = 'http://localhost:9200/my_index/_search?scroll=1m'
scroll_api_url = 'http://localhost:9200/_search/scroll'
headers = {'Content-Type': 'application/json'}

payload = {
    "size": 100,
    "sort": ["_doc"]
    "query": {
        "match" : {
            "title" : "elasticsearch"
        }
    }
}

r1 = requests.request(
    "POST",
    elastic_url,
    data=json.dumps(payload),
    headers=headers
)

# first batch data
try:
    res_json = r1.json()
    data = res_json['hits']['hits']
    _scroll_id = res_json['_scroll_id']
except KeyError:
    data = []
    _scroll_id = None
    print 'Error: Elastic Search: %s' % str(r1.json())
while data:
    print data
    # scroll to get next batch data
    scroll_payload = json.dumps({
        'scroll': '1m',
        'scroll_id': _scroll_id
    })
    scroll_res = requests.request(
        "POST", scroll_api_url,
        data=scroll_payload,
        headers=headers
    )
    try:
        res_json = scroll_res.json()
        data = res_json['hits']['hits']
        _scroll_id = res_json['_scroll_id']
    except KeyError:
        data = []
        _scroll_id = None
        err_msg = 'Error: Elastic Search Scroll: %s'
        print err_msg % str(scroll_res.json())

Reference: https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/elasticsearch/reference/current/search-request-scroll.html#search-request-scroll