Python – Fast insertion of pandas DataFrame into Postgres DB using psycopg2

pandaspostgresqlpsycopg2python

I am trying to insert a pandas DataFrame into a Postgresql DB (9.1) in the most efficient way (using Python 2.7).
Using "cursor.execute_many" is really slow, so is "DataFrame.to_csv(buffer,…)" together with "copy_from".
I found an already much! faster solution on the web (http://eatthedots.blogspot.de/2008/08/faking-read-support-for-psycopgs.html) which I adapted to work with pandas.
My code can be found below.
My question is whether the method of this related question (using "copy from stdin with binary") can be easily transferred to work with DataFrames and if this would be much faster.
Use binary COPY table FROM with psycopg2
Unfortunately my Python skills aren't sufficient to understand the implementation of this approach.
This is my approach:


import psycopg2
import connectDB # this is simply a module that returns a connection to the db
from datetime import datetime

class ReadFaker:
    """
    This could be extended to include the index column optionally. Right now the index
    is not inserted
    """
    def __init__(self, data):
        self.iter = data.itertuples()

    def readline(self, size=None):
        try:
            line = self.iter.next()[1:]  # element 0 is the index
            row = '\t'.join(x.encode('utf8') if isinstance(x, unicode) else str(x) for x in line) + '\n'
        # in my case all strings in line are unicode objects.
        except StopIteration:
            return ''
        else:
            return row

    read = readline

def insert(df, table, con=None, columns = None):

    time1 = datetime.now()
    close_con = False
    if not con:
        try:
            con = connectDB.getCon()   ###dbLoader returns a connection with my settings
            close_con = True
        except psycopg2.Error, e:
            print e.pgerror
            print e.pgcode
            return "failed"
    inserted_rows = df.shape[0]
    data = ReadFaker(df)

    try:
        curs = con.cursor()
        print 'inserting %s entries into %s ...' % (inserted_rows, table)
        if columns is not None:
            curs.copy_from(data, table, null='nan', columns=[col for col in columns])
        else:
            curs.copy_from(data, table, null='nan')
        con.commit()
        curs.close()
        if close_con:
            con.close()
    except psycopg2.Error, e:
        print e.pgerror
        print e.pgcode
        con.rollback()
        if close_con:
            con.close()
        return "failed"

    time2 = datetime.now()
    print time2 - time1
    return inserted_rows

Best Solution

Pandas dataframes now have a .to_sql method. Postgresql is not supported yet, but there's a patch for it that looks like it works. See the issues here and here.