Python – How to convert a Python float to a hexadecimal string in python 2.5? Nonworking solution attached


What I really need to do is to export a floating point number to C with no precision loss.

I did this in python:

import math
import struct
x = math.sqrt(2)
print struct.unpack('ii', struct.pack('d', x))
# prints (1719614413, 1073127582)

And in C I try this:

#include <math.h>
#include <stdio.h>

int main(void)
  unsigned long long x[2] = {1719614413, 1073127582};
  long long lx;
  double xf;

  lx = (x[0] << 32) | x[1];
  xf = (double)lx;
  printf("%lf\n", xf);
  return 0;

But in C I get:

7385687666638364672.000000 and not sqrt(2).

What am I missing?


Best Solution

The Python code appears to work. The problem is in the C code: you have the long long filled out right, but then you convert the integer value directly into floating point, rather than reinterpreting the bytes as a double. If you throw some pointers/addressing at it it works:

jkugelman$ cat float.c
#include <stdio.h>

int main(void)
    unsigned long x[2] = {1719614413, 1073127582};
    double d = *(double *) x;

    printf("%f\n", d);
    return 0;
jkugelman$ gcc -o float float.c 
jkugelman$ ./float 

Notice also that the format specifier for double (and for float) is %f, not %lf. %lf is for long double.