Python – How to sort a dictionary by key

dictionarypythonsorting

What would be a nice way to go from {2:3, 1:89, 4:5, 3:0} to {1:89, 2:3, 3:0, 4:5}?
I checked some posts but they all use the "sorted" operator that returns tuples.

Best Solution

Standard Python dictionaries are unordered (until Python 3.7). Even if you sorted the (key,value) pairs, you wouldn't be able to store them in a dict in a way that would preserve the ordering.

The easiest way is to use OrderedDict, which remembers the order in which the elements have been inserted:

In [1]: import collections

In [2]: d = {2:3, 1:89, 4:5, 3:0}

In [3]: od = collections.OrderedDict(sorted(d.items()))

In [4]: od
Out[4]: OrderedDict([(1, 89), (2, 3), (3, 0), (4, 5)])

Never mind the way od is printed out; it'll work as expected:

In [11]: od[1]
Out[11]: 89

In [12]: od[3]
Out[12]: 0

In [13]: for k, v in od.iteritems(): print k, v
   ....: 
1 89
2 3
3 0
4 5

Python 3

For Python 3 users, one needs to use the .items() instead of .iteritems():

In [13]: for k, v in od.items(): print(k, v)
   ....: 
1 89
2 3
3 0
4 5