Python – Make sure only a single instance of a program is running

lockingmutual-exclusionprocesspython

Is there a Pythonic way to have only one instance of a program running?

The only reasonable solution I've come up with is trying to run it as a server on some port, then second program trying to bind to same port – fails. But it's not really a great idea, maybe there's something more lightweight than this?

(Take into consideration that program is expected to fail sometimes, i.e. segfault – so things like "lock file" won't work)

Best Solution

The following code should do the job, it is cross-platform and runs on Python 2.4-3.2. I tested it on Windows, OS X and Linux.

from tendo import singleton
me = singleton.SingleInstance() # will sys.exit(-1) if other instance is running

The latest code version is available singleton.py. Please file bugs here.

You can install tend using one of the following methods: