Python – Should I put #! (shebang) in Python scripts, and what form should it take

pythonpython-3.xshebangshell

Should I put the shebang in my Python scripts? In what form?

#!/usr/bin/env python 

or

#!/usr/local/bin/python

Are these equally portable? Which form is used most?

Note: the tornado project uses the shebang. On the other hand the Django project doesn't.

Best Solution

The shebang line in any script determines the script's ability to be executed like a standalone executable without typing python beforehand in the terminal or when double clicking it in a file manager (when configured properly). It isn't necessary but generally put there so when someone sees the file opened in an editor, they immediately know what they're looking at. However, which shebang line you use IS important.

Correct usage for (defaults to version 3.latest)Python 3 scripts is:

#!/usr/bin/env python3

Correct usage for (defaults to version 2.latest)Python 2 scripts is:

#!/usr/bin/env python2

The following should NOT be used (except for the rare case that you are writing code which is compatible with both Python 2.x and 3.x):

#!/usr/bin/env python

The reason for these recommendations, given in PEP 394, is that python can refer either to python2 or python3 on different systems. It currently refers to python2 on most distributions, but that is likely to change at some point.

Also, DO NOT Use:

#!/usr/local/bin/python

"python may be installed at /usr/bin/python or /bin/python in those cases, the above #! will fail."

--"#!/usr/bin/env python" vs "#!/usr/local/bin/python"