Python – the difference between numpy.fft and scipy.fftpack

fftnumpypythonscipy

Is the later just a synonym of the former, or are they two different implementations of FFT? Which one is better?

Best Solution

SciPy does more:

In addition, SciPy exports some of the NumPy features through its own interface, for example if you execute scipy.fftpack.helper.fftfreq and numpy.fft.helper.fftfreq you're actually running the same code.

However, SciPy has its own implementations of much functionality. The source has performance benchmarks that compare the original NumPy and new SciPy versions. My archaic laptop shows something like this:

                 Fast Fourier Transform
=================================================
      |    real input     |   complex input    
-------------------------------------------------
 size |  scipy  |  numpy  |  scipy  |  numpy 
-------------------------------------------------
  100 |    0.07 |    0.06 |    0.06 |    0.07  (secs for 7000 calls)
 1000 |    0.06 |    0.09 |    0.09 |    0.09  (secs for 2000 calls)
  256 |    0.11 |    0.11 |    0.12 |    0.11  (secs for 10000 calls)
  512 |    0.16 |    0.21 |    0.20 |    0.21  (secs for 10000 calls)
 1024 |    0.03 |    0.04 |    0.04 |    0.04  (secs for 1000 calls)
 2048 |    0.05 |    0.09 |    0.08 |    0.08  (secs for 1000 calls)
 4096 |    0.05 |    0.08 |    0.07 |    0.09  (secs for 500 calls)
 8192 |    0.10 |    0.20 |    0.19 |    0.21  (secs for 500 calls)

It does seem that SciPy runs significantly faster as the array increases in size, though these are just contrived examples and it would be worth experimenting with both for your particular project.

It's worth checking out the source code http://www.scipy.org/Download#head-312ad78cdf85a9ca6fa17a266752069d23f785d1 . Yes those .f files really are Fortran! :-D