ActionScript 3.0 + Calculate timespan between two dates

actionscripttimespan

In ActionScript 3.0, is there an automatic way to calculate the number of days, hours, minutes and seconds between two specified dates?

Basicly, what I need is the ActionScript equivalent of the .NET Timespan class.

Any idea?

Best Solution

I created an ActionScript TimeSpan class with a similar API to System.TimeSpan to fill that void, but there are differences due to the lack of operator overloading. You can use it like so:

TimeSpan.fromDates(later, earlier).totalDays;

Below is the code for the class (sorry for the big post - I won't include the Unit Tests ;)

/**
 * Represents an interval of time 
 */ 
public class TimeSpan
{
    private var _totalMilliseconds : Number;

    public function TimeSpan(milliseconds : Number)
    {
        _totalMilliseconds = Math.floor(milliseconds);
    }

    /**
     * Gets the number of whole days
     * 
     * @example In a TimeSpan created from TimeSpan.fromHours(25), 
     *          totalHours will be 1.04, but hours will be 1 
     * @return A number representing the number of whole days in the TimeSpan
     */
    public function get days() : int
    {
         return int(_totalMilliseconds / MILLISECONDS_IN_DAY);
    }

    /**
     * Gets the number of whole hours (excluding entire days)
     * 
     * @example In a TimeSpan created from TimeSpan.fromMinutes(1500), 
     *          totalHours will be 25, but hours will be 1 
     * @return A number representing the number of whole hours in the TimeSpan
     */
    public function get hours() : int
    {
         return int(_totalMilliseconds / MILLISECONDS_IN_HOUR) % 24;
    }

    /**
     * Gets the number of whole minutes (excluding entire hours)
     * 
     * @example In a TimeSpan created from TimeSpan.fromMilliseconds(65500), 
     *          totalSeconds will be 65.5, but seconds will be 5 
     * @return A number representing the number of whole minutes in the TimeSpan
     */
    public function get minutes() : int
    {
        return int(_totalMilliseconds / MILLISECONDS_IN_MINUTE) % 60; 
    }

    /**
     * Gets the number of whole seconds (excluding entire minutes)
     * 
     * @example In a TimeSpan created from TimeSpan.fromMilliseconds(65500), 
     *          totalSeconds will be 65.5, but seconds will be 5 
     * @return A number representing the number of whole seconds in the TimeSpan
     */
    public function get seconds() : int
    {
        return int(_totalMilliseconds / MILLISECONDS_IN_SECOND) % 60;
    }

    /**
     * Gets the number of whole milliseconds (excluding entire seconds)
     * 
     * @example In a TimeSpan created from TimeSpan.fromMilliseconds(2123), 
     *          totalMilliseconds will be 2001, but milliseconds will be 123 
     * @return A number representing the number of whole milliseconds in the TimeSpan
     */
    public function get milliseconds() : int
    {
        return int(_totalMilliseconds) % 1000;
    }

    /**
     * Gets the total number of days.
     * 
     * @example In a TimeSpan created from TimeSpan.fromHours(25), 
     *          totalHours will be 1.04, but hours will be 1 
     * @return A number representing the total number of days in the TimeSpan
     */
    public function get totalDays() : Number
    {
        return _totalMilliseconds / MILLISECONDS_IN_DAY;
    }

    /**
     * Gets the total number of hours.
     * 
     * @example In a TimeSpan created from TimeSpan.fromMinutes(1500), 
     *          totalHours will be 25, but hours will be 1 
     * @return A number representing the total number of hours in the TimeSpan
     */
    public function get totalHours() : Number
    {
        return _totalMilliseconds / MILLISECONDS_IN_HOUR;
    }

    /**
     * Gets the total number of minutes.
     * 
     * @example In a TimeSpan created from TimeSpan.fromMilliseconds(65500), 
     *          totalSeconds will be 65.5, but seconds will be 5 
     * @return A number representing the total number of minutes in the TimeSpan
     */
    public function get totalMinutes() : Number
    {
        return _totalMilliseconds / MILLISECONDS_IN_MINUTE;
    }

    /**
     * Gets the total number of seconds.
     * 
     * @example In a TimeSpan created from TimeSpan.fromMilliseconds(65500), 
     *          totalSeconds will be 65.5, but seconds will be 5 
     * @return A number representing the total number of seconds in the TimeSpan
     */
    public function get totalSeconds() : Number
    {
        return _totalMilliseconds / MILLISECONDS_IN_SECOND;
    }

    /**
     * Gets the total number of milliseconds.
     * 
     * @example In a TimeSpan created from TimeSpan.fromMilliseconds(2123), 
     *          totalMilliseconds will be 2001, but milliseconds will be 123 
     * @return A number representing the total number of milliseconds in the TimeSpan
     */
    public function get totalMilliseconds() : Number
    {
        return _totalMilliseconds;
    }

    /**
     * Adds the timespan represented by this instance to the date provided and returns a new date object.
     * @param date The date to add the timespan to
     * @return A new Date with the offseted time
     */     
    public function add(date : Date) : Date
    {
        var ret : Date = new Date(date.time);
        ret.milliseconds += totalMilliseconds;

        return ret;
    }

    /**
     * Creates a TimeSpan from the different between two dates
     * 
     * Note that start can be after end, but it will result in negative values. 
     *  
     * @param start The start date of the timespan
     * @param end The end date of the timespan
     * @return A TimeSpan that represents the difference between the dates
     * 
     */     
    public static function fromDates(start : Date, end : Date) : TimeSpan
    {
        return new TimeSpan(end.time - start.time);
    }

    /**
     * Creates a TimeSpan from the specified number of milliseconds
     * @param milliseconds The number of milliseconds in the timespan
     * @return A TimeSpan that represents the specified value
     */     
    public static function fromMilliseconds(milliseconds : Number) : TimeSpan
    {
        return new TimeSpan(milliseconds);
    }

    /**
     * Creates a TimeSpan from the specified number of seconds
     * @param seconds The number of seconds in the timespan
     * @return A TimeSpan that represents the specified value
     */ 
    public static function fromSeconds(seconds : Number) : TimeSpan
    {
        return new TimeSpan(seconds * MILLISECONDS_IN_SECOND);
    }

    /**
     * Creates a TimeSpan from the specified number of minutes
     * @param minutes The number of minutes in the timespan
     * @return A TimeSpan that represents the specified value
     */ 
    public static function fromMinutes(minutes : Number) : TimeSpan
    {
        return new TimeSpan(minutes * MILLISECONDS_IN_MINUTE);
    }

    /**
     * Creates a TimeSpan from the specified number of hours
     * @param hours The number of hours in the timespan
     * @return A TimeSpan that represents the specified value
     */ 
    public static function fromHours(hours : Number) : TimeSpan
    {
        return new TimeSpan(hours * MILLISECONDS_IN_HOUR);
    }

    /**
     * Creates a TimeSpan from the specified number of days
     * @param days The number of days in the timespan
     * @return A TimeSpan that represents the specified value
     */ 
    public static function fromDays(days : Number) : TimeSpan
    {
        return new TimeSpan(days * MILLISECONDS_IN_DAY);
    }

    /**
     * The number of milliseconds in one day
     */ 
    public static const MILLISECONDS_IN_DAY : Number = 86400000;

    /**
     * The number of milliseconds in one hour
     */ 
    public static const MILLISECONDS_IN_HOUR : Number = 3600000;

    /**
     * The number of milliseconds in one minute
     */ 
    public static const MILLISECONDS_IN_MINUTE : Number = 60000;

    /**
     * The number of milliseconds in one second
     */ 
    public static const MILLISECONDS_IN_SECOND : Number = 1000;
}
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