Apache2 Reverse Proxy to an end-point that requires BasicAuth but want to hide this from user


Basically my scenario is that I have an internal website that requires a SINGLE hard-coded username and password to access (and this can't be turned off, only changed). I am exposing this website through a reverse proxy for various reasons (hiding the port, simplifying url, simplifying NAT, etc).

However, what I would like to do is be able to use Apache to handle the authentication so that:

  1. I don't have to give out single password to everyone
  2. I can have multiple usernames and passwords using Apache's BasicAuth

  3. For internal users, I don't have to prompt for a password

EDIT: Second part about richer authentication has been moved to new question

Here's more or less what I have now:

<VirtualHost *:80>
  ServerName sub.domain.com

  ProxyPass        /
  ProxyPassReverse /

  # The endpoint has a mandatory password that I want to avoid requiring users to type
  # I.e. something like this would be nice (but does not work)

  # ProxyPass        / http://username:password@
  # ProxyPassReverse / http://username:password@

  # Also need to be able to require a password to access proxy for people outside local subnet
  # However these passwords will be controlled by Apache using BasicAuth, not the ProxyPass endpoint

  # Ideas?

Best Solution

Add or overwrite the Authorization header before passing any request on to the endpoint. The authorization header can be hard coded, it's just a base-64 encoding of the string "username:password" (without the quotes.)

Enable the mod_headers module if not already done.

RequestHeader set Authorization "Basic QWxhZGRpbjpvcGVuIHNlc2FtZQ=="

To perform this conditionally, enable the mod_setenvif, e.g. still ask for the master password in the case of local requests:

SetEnvIf Remote_Addr "127\.0\.0\.1" localrequest
RequestHeader set Authorization "Basic QWxhZGRpbjpvcGVuIHNlc2FtZQ==" env=!localrequest


# ALL remote users ALWAYS authenticate against reverse proxy's
#  /www/conf/passwords database
<Directory /var/web/pages/secure>
  AuthBasicProvider /www/conf/passwords
  AuthType Basic
  AuthName "Protected Area"
  Require valid-user

# reverse proxy authenticates against master server as:
#  Aladdin:open sesame (Base64 encoded)
RequestHeader set Authorization "Basic QWxhZGRpbjpvcGVuIHNlc2FtZQ=="
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