Convert hex character to decimal equivalent in MIPS


How do I take a single ASCII character and convert it to its decimal equivelant in MIPs?

Do I simply have to have some conditions to subtract a certain amount from the ascii code to make it its decimal representation?

Best Solution

Here's a simplistic implementation of what Pax wrote (it assumes that hexadecimal digits - A to F are always upper case)

File hextodec.c

#include <stdio.h>

*Converts an ASCII char to its decimal equivalent.
*Returns -1 on error.
extern int hextodec(char* c);

int main(int argc,char **argv){
        int i=0;
        char digits[]={'0','1','2','3','4','5','6','7','8','9','A','B','C','D','F'};

        for (;i<16;i++){
        return 0;

File hextodec.S

#include <mips/regdef.h>

/* int hextodec(char* c) 
 *  first (and only) argument is set in register a0.
 *  return value is set in register v0.
 *  function calling convention is ignored.
        .globl hextodec
        .align 2
        .ent hextodec


        lbu     t0,0(a0)        #load byte from argument

        li      t1,0X30
        li      t2,0x39

        andi    t1,t1,0x000000ff #Cast to word for comparison.
        andi    t2,t2,0x000000ff

        bltu    t0,t1,ERROR     #error if lower than 0x30
        bgt     t0,t2,dohex     #if greater than 0x39, test for A -F

        addiu   t0,t0,-0x30     #OK, char between 48 and 55. Subtract 48.
        b       return

dohex:  li      t1,0x41
        li      t2,0x46

        andi   t1,t1,0x000000ff #Cast to word for comparison.
        andi   t2,t2,0x000000ff

        /*is byte is between 65 and 70?*/

        bltu    t0,t1,ERROR     #error if lower than 0x41
        bgt     t0,t2,ERROR     #error if greater than 0x46

ishex:  addiu   t0,t0,-0x37     #subtract 55 from hex char ('A'- 'F')
        b       return

ERROR:  addiu   t0,zero,-1      #return -1.

return: move    v0,t0           #move return value to register v0

        jr      ra
        .end    hextodec

test run

root@:~/stackoverflow# ./hextodec 
0       0
1       1
2       2
3       3
4       4
5       5
6       6
7       7
8       8
9       9
A       10
B       11
C       12
D       13
E       14
F       15