R – horizontal dendrogram in R with labels

dendrogramhclustr

I am trying to draw a dendrogram from the hclust function output. I hope the dendrogram is horizontally arranged instead of the default, which can be obtain by (for example)

require(graphics)
hc <- hclust(dist(USArrests), "ave")
plot(hc)

I tried to use as.dendrogram() function like plot(as.dendrogram(hc.poi),horiz=TRUE) but the result is without meaningful labels:

enter image description here

If I use plot(hc.poi,labels=c(...)) which is without the as.dendrogram(), I can pass the labels= argument, but now the dendrogram is vertical instead of horizontal. Is there a way to simultaneously arrange the dendrogram horizontally and assign user-specified labels? Thanks!

Update: as an example from the USArrests dataset, suppose I wanna use the abbreviations of the first two letters of the state names as labels, so that I wanna somehow pass labs into the plotting function:

labs = substr(rownames(USArrests),1,2)

which gives

 [1] "Al" "Al" "Ar" "Ar" "Ca" "Co" "Co" "De" "Fl" "Ge" "Ha"
[12] "Id" "Il" "In" "Io" "Ka" "Ke" "Lo" "Ma" "Ma" "Ma" "Mi"
[23] "Mi" "Mi" "Mi" "Mo" "Ne" "Ne" "Ne" "Ne" "Ne" "Ne" "No"
[34] "No" "Oh" "Ok" "Or" "Pe" "Rh" "So" "So" "Te" "Te" "Ut"
[45] "Ve" "Vi" "Wa" "We" "Wi" "Wy"

Best Solution

To show your defined labels in horizontal dendrogram, one solution is to set row names of data frame to new labels (all labels should be unique).

require(graphics)
labs = paste("sta_",1:50,sep="") #new labels
USArrests2<-USArrests #new data frame (just to keep original unchanged)
rownames(USArrests2)<-labs #set new row names
hc <- hclust(dist(USArrests2), "ave")
par(mar=c(3,1,1,5)) 
plot(as.dendrogram(hc),horiz=T)

enter image description here

EDIT - solution using ggplot2

labs = paste("sta_",1:50,sep="") #new labels
rownames(USArrests)<-labs #set new row names
hc <- hclust(dist(USArrests), "ave")

library(ggplot2)
library(ggdendro)

#convert cluster object to use with ggplot
dendr <- dendro_data(hc, type="rectangle") 

#your own labels (now rownames) are supplied in geom_text() and label=label
ggplot() + 
  geom_segment(data=segment(dendr), aes(x=x, y=y, xend=xend, yend=yend)) + 
  geom_text(data=label(dendr), aes(x=x, y=y, label=label, hjust=0), size=3) +
  coord_flip() + scale_y_reverse(expand=c(0.2, 0)) + 
  theme(axis.line.y=element_blank(),
        axis.ticks.y=element_blank(),
        axis.text.y=element_blank(),
        axis.title.y=element_blank(),
        panel.background=element_rect(fill="white"),
        panel.grid=element_blank())

enter image description here

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