How do interrupts in multicore/multicpu machines work


I recently started diving into low level OS programming. I am (very slowly) currently working through two older books, XINU and Build Your Own 32 Bit OS, as well as some resources suggested by the fine SO folks in my previous question, How to get started in operating system development.

It could just be that I haven't encountered it in any of those resources yet, but its probably because most of these resources were written before ubiquitous multicore systems, but what I'm wondering is how interrupts work in a multicore/multiprocessor system.

For instance, say the DMA wants to signal that a file read operation is complete. Which processor/core acknowledges that an interrupt was signaled? Is it the processor/core that initiated the file read? Is it whichever processor/core that gets to it first?

Best Solution

Looking into the IoConnectInterrupt function you can find the ProcessorEnableMask that will select the cpu's that allowed to run the InterruptService routine (ISR).
Based on this information i can assume that somewhere in the low level (see Adam's post) it's possible to specify where to route the interrupt.

On the side note file operation is not really related to the interrupts and/or dma directly. File operation is file system concept that translated to something low level depend on which bus you filesystem located it might be IDE or SATA disk or it might be even usb storage in this case sector read will be translated to 3 logical operation over usb bus, there will be interrupt served by usb host controller driver, but it's not really related to original file read operation, that was probably split to smaller transaction any way.

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