Git – how do you push only some of your local git commits


Suppose I have 5 local commits. I want to push only 2 of them to a centralized repo (using an SVN-style workflow). How do I do this?

This did not work:

git checkout HEAD~3  #set head to three commits ago
git push #attempt push from that head

That ends up pushing all 5 local commits.

I suppose I could do git reset to actually undo my commits, followed by git stash and then git push — but I've already got commit messages written and files organized and I don't want to redo them.

My feeling is that some flag passed to push or reset would work.

If it helps, here's my git config

[ramanujan:~/myrepo/.git]$cat config 
        repositoryformatversion = 0
        filemode = true
        bare = false
        logallrefupdates = true
[remote "origin"]
        url = ssh://server/git/myrepo.git
        fetch = +refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*
[branch "master"]
        remote = origin
        merge = refs/heads/master

Best Solution

Assuming your commits are on the master branch and you want to push them to the remote master branch:

$ git push origin master~3:master

If you were using git-svn:

$ git svn dcommit master~3

In the case of git-svn, you could also use HEAD~3, since it is expecting a commit. In the case of straight git, you need to use the branch name because HEAD isn't evaluated properly in the refspec.

You could also take a longer approach of:

$ git checkout -b tocommit HEAD~3
$ git push origin tocommit:master

If you are making a habit of this type of work flow, you should consider doing your work in a separate branch. Then you could do something like:

$ git checkout master
$ git merge working~3
$ git push origin master:master

Note that the "origin master:master" part is probably optional for your setup.