How to a Win32 process get the pid of its parent


I'm currently passing the pid on the command line to the child, but is there a way to do this in the Win32 API? Alternatively, can someone alleviate my fear that the pid I'm passing might belong to another process after some time if the parent has died?

Best Solution

Just in case anyone else runs across this question and is looking for a code sample, I had to do this recently for a Python library project I'm working on. Here's the test/sample code I came up with:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <windows.h>
#include <tlhelp32.h>

int main(int argc, char *argv[]) 
    int pid = -1;
    HANDLE h = CreateToolhelp32Snapshot(TH32CS_SNAPPROCESS, 0);
    PROCESSENTRY32 pe = { 0 };
    pe.dwSize = sizeof(PROCESSENTRY32);

    //assume first arg is the PID to get the PPID for, or use own PID
    if (argc > 1) {
        pid = atoi(argv[1]);
    } else {
        pid = GetCurrentProcessId();

    if( Process32First(h, &pe)) {
        do {
            if (pe.th32ProcessID == pid) {
                printf("PID: %i; PPID: %i\n", pid, pe.th32ParentProcessID);
        } while( Process32Next(h, &pe));