I'm having a hard time figuring this problem out – I am trying to write a program that will interact with the Linux tunnel driver. At a very basic level, I simply want to create an application that is able to transfer data over a network tunnel. However, I am completely at a loss as to how to properly set up the tunnel driver in order to accomplish this.
I am developing on Ubuntu 9.04, and I have the tunnel driver kernel module loaded.
There exists the device
/dev/net/tun, however there are no
/dev/tunX devices. I am unable to create these devices using
ifconfig – whenever I run
/sbin/ifconfig tun0 up, for example, I get the following error:
tun0: ERROR while getting interface flags: No such device.
If I attempt to look at the
/dev/net/tun device, the following error is presented:
cat: /dev/net/tun: File descriptor in bad state.
Attempting to open
/dev/tunX via a small program, basically, a simple
tun_fd = open( "/dev/tun0", O_RDWR )
returns -1: the application is running as root and still cannot open this tunnel device. It is possible to open
/dev/net/tun, however this does not appear to generate a new
/dev/tunX device to use instead.
So, in summary – how does one go about writing an application that wishes to use the Linux tunnel driver? Any insights would be greatly appreciated.