R – How to select maximum intensity in Hough transform in MATLAB


After doing the Hough transform in MATLAB, how do I pick the lines so that I can compare between two or more images?

I followed the example given by Amro and actually what I wanted to detect is the two lines in the first picture. However, what I got is the one in the second picture. How can I do this?

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Best Solution

I think you meant the goal to be to detect lines in an image, not comparing two images (?).

Anyway, to find the maximum intensities in the Hough transform matrix generated by the hough function, we use the houghpeaks function, and pass it the desired number of peaks to detect.


I figured I would add an example to show the procedure:

%# Load image, process it, find edges
I  = rgb2gray( imread('pillsetc.png') );
I = imcrop(I, [30 30 450 350]);
J = imfilter(I, fspecial('gaussian', [17 17], 5), 'symmetric');
BW = edge(J, 'canny');

%# Perform Hough transform and show matrix
[H,T,R] = hough(BW);
imshow(imadjust(mat2gray(H)), [], 'XData',T, 'YData',R, ...
xlabel('\theta (degrees)'), ylabel('\rho')
axis on, axis normal, hold on
colormap(hot), colorbar

%# Detect peaks
P  = houghpeaks(H, 4);
plot(T(P(:,2)), R(P(:,1)), 'gs', 'LineWidth',2);

%# Detect lines and overlay on top of image
lines = houghlines(BW, T, R, P);
figure, imshow(I), hold on
for k = 1:length(lines)
    xy = [lines(k).point1; lines(k).point2];
    plot(xy(:,1), xy(:,2), 'g.-', 'LineWidth',2);
hold off

Accumulator matrix Image with overlayed lines


Following your recent update, I managed to detect the lines by only making a few changes to the same above code:

  • I cropped the region to: [200 70 160 140]
  • I used an 11x11 Gaussian filter with sigma=3

Note: You will have to add the offset to get the position of the lines in the original image uncropped. Also, if you want more accurate results, you might want to detect four lines and get the lines in the middle as shown below:

Four enclosing lines

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