What's the difference between
"include" and "require" in Ruby?
The include and require methods do
very different things.
The require method does what include
does in most other programming
languages: run another file. It also
tracks what you've required in the
past and won't require the same file
twice. To run another file without
this added functionality, you can use
the load method.
The include method takes all the
methods from another module and
includes them into the current module.
This is a language-level thing as
opposed to a file-level thing as with
require. The include method is the
primary way to "extend" classes with
other modules (usually referred to as
mix-ins). For example, if your class
defines the method "each", you can
include the mixin module Enumerable
and it can act as a collection. This
can be confusing as the include verb
is used very differently in other
A member route will require an ID, because it acts on a member. A collection route doesn't because it acts on a collection of objects. Preview is an example of a member route, because it acts on (and displays) a single object. Search is an example of a collection route, because it acts on (and displays) a collection of objects.