Smart pointers/safe memory management for C


I, and I think many others, have had great success using smart pointers to wrap up unsafe memory operations in C++, using things like RAII, et cetera. However, wrapping memory management is easier to implement when you have destructors, classes, operator overloading, et cetera.

For someone writing in raw C99, where could you point (no pun intended) to help with safe memory management?


Best Solution

The question is a bit old, but I figured I would take the time to link to my smart pointer library for GNU compilers (GCC, Clang, ICC, MinGW, ...).

This implementation relies on the cleanup variable attribute, a GNU extension, to automatically free the memory when going out of scope, and as such, is not ISO C99, but C99 with GNU extensions.



#include <stdio.h>
#include <csptr/smart_ptr.h>

int main(void) {
    smart int *some_int = unique_ptr(int, 1);

    printf("%p = %d\n", some_int, *some_int);

    // some_int is destroyed here
    return 0;

Compilation & Valgrind session:

$ gcc -std=gnu99 -o simple1 simple1.c -lcsptr
$ valgrind ./simple1
==3407== Memcheck, a memory error detector
==3407== Copyright (C) 2002-2013, and GNU GPL\'d, by Julian Seward et al.
==3407== Using Valgrind-3.10.0 and LibVEX; rerun with -h for copyright info
==3407== Command: ./simple1 
0x53db068 = 1
==3407== HEAP SUMMARY:
==3407==     in use at exit: 0 bytes in 0 blocks
==3407==   total heap usage: 1 allocs, 1 frees, 48 bytes allocated
==3407== All heap blocks were freed -- no leaks are possible
==3407== For counts of detected and suppressed errors, rerun with: -v
==3407== ERROR SUMMARY: 0 errors from 0 contexts (suppressed: 0 from 0)