Spring – Thymeleaf + Spring : How to keep line break

springspring-elthymeleaf

I'm using Thymeleaf template engine with spring and I'd like to display text stored throught a multiline textarea.

In my database multiline string are store with "\n" like this : "Test1\nTest2\n…."

With th:text i've got : "Test1 Test2" with no line break.

How I can display line break using Thymeleaf and avoid manually "\n" replacing with < br/> and then avoid using th:utext (this open form to xss injection) ?

Thanks !

Best Solution

Two of your options:

  1. Use th:utext - easy setup option, but harder to read and remember
  2. Create a custom processor and dialect - more involved setup, but easier, more readable future use.

Option 1:

You can use th:utext if you escape the text using the expression utility method #strings.escapeXml( text ) to prevent XSS injection and unwanted formatting - http://www.thymeleaf.org/doc/tutorials/2.1/usingthymeleaf.html#strings

To make this platform independent, you can use T(java.lang.System).getProperty('line.separator') to grab the line separator.

Using the existing Thymeleaf expression utilities, this works:

<p th:utext="${#strings.replace( #strings.escapeXml( text ),T(java.lang.System).getProperty('line.separator'),'&lt;br /&gt;')}" ></p>

Option 2:

The API for this is now different in 3 (I wrote this tutorial for 2.1) Hopefully you can combine the below logic with their official tutorial. One day maybe I'll have a minute to update this completely. But for now: Here's the official Thymeleaf tutorial for creating your own dialect.

Once setup is complete, all you will need to do to accomplish escaped textline output with preserved line breaks:

<p fd:lstext="${ text }"></p>

The main piece doing the work is the processor. The following code will do the trick:

package com.foo.bar.thymeleaf.processors 

import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;

import org.thymeleaf.Arguments;
import org.thymeleaf.Configuration;
import org.thymeleaf.dom.Element;
import org.thymeleaf.dom.Node;
import org.thymeleaf.dom.Text;
import org.thymeleaf.processor.attr.AbstractChildrenModifierAttrProcessor;
import org.thymeleaf.standard.expression.IStandardExpression;
import org.thymeleaf.standard.expression.IStandardExpressionParser;
import org.thymeleaf.standard.expression.StandardExpressions;
import org.unbescape.html.HtmlEscape;

public class HtmlEscapedWithLineSeparatorsProcessor extends
        AbstractChildrenModifierAttrProcessor{

    public HtmlEscapedWithLineSeparatorsProcessor(){
        //only executes this processor for the attribute 'lstext'
        super("lstext");
    }

    protected String getText( final Arguments arguments, final Element element,
            final String attributeName) {

        final Configuration configuration = arguments.getConfiguration();

        final IStandardExpressionParser parser =
            StandardExpressions.getExpressionParser(configuration);

        final String attributeValue = element.getAttributeValue(attributeName);

        final IStandardExpression expression =
            parser.parseExpression(configuration, arguments, attributeValue);

        final String value = (String) expression.execute(configuration, arguments);

        //return the escaped text with the line separator replaced with <br />
        return HtmlEscape.escapeHtml4Xml( value ).replace( System.getProperty("line.separator"), "<br />" );


    }



    @Override
    protected final List<Node> getModifiedChildren(
            final Arguments arguments, final Element element, final String attributeName) {

        final String text = getText(arguments, element, attributeName);
        //Create new text node signifying that content is already escaped.
        final Text newNode = new Text(text == null? "" : text, null, null, true);
        // Setting this allows avoiding text inliners processing already generated text,
        // which in turn avoids code injection.
        newNode.setProcessable( false );

        return Collections.singletonList((Node)newNode);


    }

    @Override
    public int getPrecedence() {
        // A value of 10000 is higher than any attribute in the SpringStandard dialect. So this attribute will execute after all other attributes from that dialect, if in the same tag.
        return 11400;
    }


}

Now that you have the processor, you need a custom dialect to add the processor to.

package com.foo.bar.thymeleaf.dialects;

import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.Set;

import org.thymeleaf.dialect.AbstractDialect;
import org.thymeleaf.processor.IProcessor;

import com.foo.bar.thymeleaf.processors.HtmlEscapedWithLineSeparatorsProcessor;

public class FooDialect extends AbstractDialect{

    public FooDialect(){
        super();
    }

    //This is what all the dialect's attributes/tags will start with. So like.. fd:lstext="Hi David!<br />This is so much easier..."
    public String getPrefix(){
        return "fd";
    }

    //The processors.
    @Override
    public Set<IProcessor> getProcessors(){
        final Set<IProcessor> processors = new HashSet<IProcessor>();
        processors.add( new HtmlEscapedWithLineSeparatorsProcessor() );
        return processors;
    }

}

Now you need to add it to your xml or java configuration:

If you are writing a Spring MVC application, you just have to set it at the additionalDialects property of the Template Engine bean, so that it is added to the default SpringStandard dialect:

    <bean id="templateEngine" class="org.thymeleaf.spring3.SpringTemplateEngine">
  <property name="templateResolver" ref="templateResolver" />
  <property name="additionalDialects">
    <set>
      <bean class="com.foo.bar.thymeleaf.dialects.FooDialect"/>
    </set>
  </property>
    </bean>

Or if you are using Spring and would rather use JavaConfig you can create a class annotated with @Configuration in your base package that contains the dialect as a managed bean:

package com.foo.bar;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

import com.foo.bar.thymeleaf.dialects.FooDialect;

@Configuration
public class TemplatingConfig {

    @Bean
    public FooDialect fooDialect(){
        return new FooDialect();
    }
}

Here are some further references on creating custom processors and dialects: http://www.thymeleaf.org/doc/articles/sayhelloextendingthymeleaf5minutes.html , http://www.thymeleaf.org/doc/articles/sayhelloagainextendingthymeleafevenmore5minutes.html and http://www.thymeleaf.org/doc/tutorials/2.1/extendingthymeleaf.html