I would like to know the reasons that we do refactoring and justify it. I read a lot of people upset over the idea of refactoring. Refactoring was variously described as:
A result of insufficient upfront
A dangerous activity that needlessly risked destabilizing
A waste of resources.
What are the responsible reasons that lead us to refactor our code?
I also found a similar question here how-often-should-you-refactor, it doesn't provide the reason for refactoring.