Roulette-wheel selection in Genetic algorithm. Population needs to be sorted first

genetic-algorithmroulette-wheel-selection

In a genetic algorithm, when selecting members for crossover using roulette-wheel selection method, does the population first need to be sorted by fitness rank?

The possibilities seem to be:

  1. sort population first by ascending fitness
  2. sort population by descending fitness
  3. don't sort population & let the roulette ball fall where it may..

I'm thinking that sorting either way may have no effect – a pebble landing at random on a wheel containing different sized (by fitness) slices will have exactly the same outcome chance whether the larger slices are grouped together or not. But I'm not 100% convinced.

What do you think?

The need to do a sort every generation affects the speed of the algorithm too, so I'd prefer not to (I would do a sort if using elitism, but I'm not in this case).
Thanks if you know, as I cannot find a definitive answer via google etc..

Best Solution

No, you don't actually need to sort them. You are exactly correct that it will have no effect if the higher-ranked members are grouped together or not (at least with a good random number generator :) ).

Your intuition is dead on here - statistically, it will have no effect to sort, and as you mention, you don't have to waste a bunch of time and effort sorting things!

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