Spring – Using JSF 2.2.9 on Spring+Tomcat causes java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/enterprise/context/spi/Contextual

cdijsfjsf-2spring

I need to use custom html attributes inside JSF components, and for this the only solution that i found is use JSF 2.2, in this way:

<f:passThroughAttribute name="data-toggle" value="modal" />

The problem is that i'm using Spring + Tomcat and i can't change this because i don't have time. Every time that i start my server i got the following error :

Informações: CDI @ViewScoped manager unavailable
java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/enterprise/context/spi/Contextual

I know this happens because i don't use CDI, but as i said i can't change from Spring to CDI because of time.

How can i solve this problem ? I must use JSF 2.2 (Because custom html attributes) and Spring.

SOLVED:

This problem as solved, i downgrade to JSF 2.2.6 and error stops.

Stack trace:

Fev 01, 2015 4:13:57 PM com.sun.faces.application.view.ViewScopeManager <init>
Informações: CDI @ViewScoped manager unavailable
java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/enterprise/context/spi/Contextual
at com.sun.faces.application.view.ViewScopeManager.<init>(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.application.view.ViewScopeManager.getInstance(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.application.view.ViewScopeEventListener.processEvent(Unknown Source)
at javax.faces.event.SystemEvent.processListener(Unknown Source)
at javax.faces.event.ComponentSystemEvent.processListener(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.application.ApplicationImpl.processListeners(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.application.ApplicationImpl.invokeListenersFor(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.application.ApplicationImpl.publishEvent(Unknown Source)
at javax.faces.component.UIViewRoot.getViewMap(Unknown Source)
at javax.faces.component.UIViewRoot.getViewMap(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.mgbean.BeanManager$ScopeManager$ViewScopeHandler.handle(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.mgbean.BeanManager$ScopeManager.pushToScope(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.mgbean.BeanManager.createAndPush(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.mgbean.BeanManager.create(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.el.ManagedBeanELResolver.resolveBean(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.el.ManagedBeanELResolver.getValue(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.el.DemuxCompositeELResolver._getValue(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.el.DemuxCompositeELResolver.getValue(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.el.parser.AstIdentifier.getValue(AstIdentifier.java:71)
at org.apache.el.ValueExpressionImpl.getValue(ValueExpressionImpl.java:189)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.el.TagValueExpression.getValue(Unknown Source)
at javax.faces.component.UIComponentBase$AttributesMap.get(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.el.CompositeComponentAttributesELResolver$ExpressionEvalMap.get(Unknown Source)
at javax.el.MapELResolver.getValue(MapELResolver.java:52)
at com.sun.faces.el.DemuxCompositeELResolver._getValue(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.el.DemuxCompositeELResolver.getValue(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.el.parser.AstValue.getValue(AstValue.java:169)
at org.apache.el.ValueExpressionImpl.getValue(ValueExpressionImpl.java:189)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.el.ContextualCompositeValueExpression.getValue(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.el.TagValueExpression.getValue(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.application.ApplicationImpl.createComponentApplyAnnotations(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.application.ApplicationImpl.createComponent(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.tag.jsf.ComponentTagHandlerDelegateImpl.createComponent(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.tag.jsf.ComponentTagHandlerDelegateImpl.apply(Unknown Source)
at javax.faces.view.facelets.DelegatingMetaTagHandler.apply(Unknown Source)
at javax.faces.view.facelets.CompositeFaceletHandler.apply(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.tag.composite.ImplementationHandler.apply(Unknown Source)
at javax.faces.view.facelets.CompositeFaceletHandler.apply(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.compiler.NamespaceHandler.apply(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.compiler.EncodingHandler.apply(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.impl.DefaultFacelet.include(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.impl.DefaultFacelet.include(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.impl.DefaultFaceletContext.includeFacelet(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.tag.jsf.CompositeComponentTagHandler.applyCompositeComponent(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.tag.jsf.CompositeComponentTagHandler.applyNextHandler(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.tag.jsf.ComponentTagHandlerDelegateImpl.apply(Unknown Source)
at javax.faces.view.facelets.DelegatingMetaTagHandler.apply(Unknown Source)
at javax.faces.view.facelets.CompositeFaceletHandler.apply(Unknown Source)
at javax.faces.view.facelets.DelegatingMetaTagHandler.applyNextHandler(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.tag.jsf.ComponentTagHandlerDelegateImpl.apply(Unknown Source)
at javax.faces.view.facelets.DelegatingMetaTagHandler.apply(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.tag.ui.DefineHandler.applyDefinition(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.tag.ui.CompositionHandler.apply(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.impl.DefaultFaceletContext$TemplateManager.apply(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.impl.DefaultFaceletContext.includeDefinition(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.tag.ui.InsertHandler.apply(Unknown Source)
at javax.faces.view.facelets.CompositeFaceletHandler.apply(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.compiler.NamespaceHandler.apply(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.compiler.EncodingHandler.apply(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.impl.DefaultFacelet.include(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.impl.DefaultFacelet.include(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.impl.DefaultFacelet.include(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.impl.DefaultFaceletContext.includeFacelet(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.tag.ui.CompositionHandler.apply(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.compiler.NamespaceHandler.apply(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.compiler.EncodingHandler.apply(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.facelets.impl.DefaultFacelet.apply(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.application.view.FaceletViewHandlingStrategy.buildView(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.lifecycle.RenderResponsePhase.execute(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.lifecycle.Phase.doPhase(Unknown Source)
at com.sun.faces.lifecycle.LifecycleImpl.render(Unknown Source)
at javax.faces.webapp.FacesServlet.service(Unknown Source)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:304)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:210)
at org.primefaces.webapp.filter.FileUploadFilter.doFilter(FileUploadFilter.java:72)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:243)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:210)
at br.com.jwebbuild.filter.LoginFilter.doFilter(LoginFilter.java:73)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:243)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:210)
at org.springframework.orm.jpa.support.OpenEntityManagerInViewFilter.doFilterInternal(OpenEntityManagerInViewFilter.java:113)
at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:76)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:243)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:210)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:240)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:164)
at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:462)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:164)
at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:100)
at org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve.invoke(AccessLogValve.java:562)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:118)
at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:395)
at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Processor.process(Http11Processor.java:250)
at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Protocol$Http11ConnectionHandler.process(Http11Protocol.java:188)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$SocketProcessor.run(JIoEndpoint.java:302)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1145)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:615)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:744)
Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: javax.enterprise.context.spi.Contextual
at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1676)
at org.apache.catalina.loader.WebappClassLoader.loadClass(WebappClassLoader.java:1521)
... 98 more

Best Solution

I have same problem and found your question on google (i use JSF 2.2.9), with the answer from hwellmann, i added these depency on pom.xml of my maven project:

<dependency>
    <groupId>javax.enterprise</groupId>
    <artifactId>cdi-api</artifactId>
    <version>1.2</version>
</dependency>

and problem solved, thanks!

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