SQL server query to get the list of columns in a table along with Data types, NOT NULL, and PRIMARY KEY constraints

custom-data-typedatabasesqlsql-serversql-server-2005

I need to write a query on SQL server to get the list of columns in a particular table, its associated data types (with length) and if they are not null. And I have managed to do this much.

But now i also need to get, in the same table, against a column – TRUE if that column is a primary key.

How do i do this?

My expected output is:

Column name | Data type | Length | isnull | Pk

Best Solution

To avoid duplicate rows for some columns, use user_type_id instead of system_type_id.

SELECT 
    c.name 'Column Name',
    t.Name 'Data type',
    c.max_length 'Max Length',
    c.precision ,
    c.scale ,
    c.is_nullable,
    ISNULL(i.is_primary_key, 0) 'Primary Key'
FROM    
    sys.columns c
INNER JOIN 
    sys.types t ON c.user_type_id = t.user_type_id
LEFT OUTER JOIN 
    sys.index_columns ic ON ic.object_id = c.object_id AND ic.column_id = c.column_id
LEFT OUTER JOIN 
    sys.indexes i ON ic.object_id = i.object_id AND ic.index_id = i.index_id
WHERE
    c.object_id = OBJECT_ID('YourTableName')

Just replace YourTableName with your actual table name - works for SQL Server 2005 and up.

In case you are using schemas, replace YourTableName by YourSchemaName.YourTableName where YourSchemaName is the actual schema name and YourTableName is the actual table name.