Sql-server – Truncate SQL Server transaction log file

sql-server

In my local C: drive I have a ldf file for a database that is hosted on one of our servers. I have a local copy of one of the databases that is 1 gb and a ldf (log file) of that database that is 16gb. It is eating up a lot of my local space on my hard drive. I would like to truncate that file. A lot of what I read online is don't, but it seems that they are talking about files on the server that the database is on. That isn't the case here, it is on my local machine.

The location of the file on my machine is:

C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL10_50.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\DATA

How come I have a copy of that log file locally and also that database locally?

How would I go about truncating this file?

Thanks!

Best Solution

Go to the Object Explorer pane in SSMS and right click on the database in question. Choose tasks -> shrink -> files. Change the file type option to Log, click the "Reorganize pages before releasing unused space" option, and set the value to 1 MB. Hit OK.

If this doesn't work, check to see if your database is set up with a Full database recover model. Right click the database and go to properties. Choose Options, and check the Recover model option. Set to simple (if you can!!!), then shrink the logs.