Sql-server – VB.NET Insert DataGridView contents into Database

sql-servervb.netvisual-studio-2010

Problem:

I need to dump the contents of my DataGridView into a SQL Server Database Table. I've got the datagridview loading fine, no problems there. I'm just not familiar enough with VB.NET to understand how to get that data into a DB table.

Code: (so far)

    Dim connection As New Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection
    Dim dataAdapter As New Data.SqlClient.SqlDataAdapter
    Dim command As New Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand
    Dim dataSet As New Data.DataSet

    connection.ConnectionString = "Server= server; Database= DB; integrated security=true"
    command.CommandText = "INSERT INTO <table> (Col1, Col2, Col3, Col4) VALUES (@Name, @Property, @Value, @Date)"

    dataAdapter.InsertCommand.Parameters.Add("@ServerName", SqlDbType.VarChar)
    dataAdapter.InsertCommand.Parameters.Add("@Property", SqlDbType.VarChar)
    dataAdapter.InsertCommand.Parameters.Add("@Value", SqlDbType.VarChar)
    dataAdapter.InsertCommand.Parameters.Add("@CaptureDate", SqlDbType.DateTime)

    For i As Integer = 0 To DataGridView.Rows.Count - 1
        dataAdapter.InsertCommand.Parameters(0).Value = dgvServerConfig.Rows(i).Cells(0).Value
        dataAdapter.InsertCommand.Parameters(1).Value = dgvServerConfig.Rows(i).Cells(1).Value
        dataAdapter.InsertCommand.Parameters(2).Value = dgvServerConfig.Rows(i).Cells(2).Value
        dataAdapter.InsertCommand.Parameters(3).Value = dgvServerConfig.Rows(i).Cells(3).Value
    Next

    connection.Open()
    command.Connection = connection
    dataAdapter.SelectCommand = command

What am I missing here? Nothing is getting inserted into my table. Any help would be appreciated. Like I said, I'm not very familiar with VB so take it easy on me.

Best Solution

Well, you need to execute the command, not simply add to the DataAdapter
Also, as it coded now, you don't need the DataAdapter at all.

Dim connection As New Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection
Dim command As New Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand

connection.ConnectionString = "Server= server; Database= DB; integrated security=true"
command.CommandText = "INSERT INTO <table> (Col1, Col2, Col3, Col4) VALUES (@Name, @Property, @Value, @Date)"

command.Parameters.Add("@ServerName", SqlDbType.VarChar)
command.Parameters.Add("@Property", SqlDbType.VarChar)
command.Parameters.Add("@Value", SqlDbType.VarChar)
command.Parameters.Add("@CaptureDate", SqlDbType.DateTime)
connection.Open()
command.Connection = connection

For i As Integer = 0 To DataGridView.Rows.Count - 1
    command.Parameters(0).Value = dgvServerConfig.Rows(i).Cells(0).Value
    command.Parameters(1).Value = dgvServerConfig.Rows(i).Cells(1).Value
    command.Parameters(2).Value = dgvServerConfig.Rows(i).Cells(2).Value
    command.Parameters(3).Value = dgvServerConfig.Rows(i).Cells(3).Value
    command.ExecuteNonQuery()
Next

However this calls the database to insert one row at a time. I think it is better to look at the SqlDataAdapter.Update method that resolves the insert/update work with just one call.

Using the SqlDataAdapter.Update method, requires that you save in a global variable the Adapter used at the moment in which you have filled the DataGridView and add a SqlCommandBuilder that generates for you the InsertCommand, UpdateCommand and DeleteCommand

    ' At form loading'
    Dim adapter As New OleDbDataAdapter()
    adapter.SelectCommand = New OleDbCommand("SELECT COL1, COL2,COL3,COL4 FROM TABLE", connection)
    Dim builder As OleDbCommandBuilder = New OleDbCommandBuilder(adapter)
    connection.Open()
    Dim myTable As DataTable = New DataTable
    adapter.Fill(myTable)
    DataGridView.DataSource = myTable
    ....

    ' at grid save'
    Dim myTable = CType(DataGridView.DataSource, DataTable)
    adapter.Update(myTable)