Sql – the benefit of using “SET XACT_ABORT ON” in a stored procedure


What is the benefit of using SET XACT_ABORT ON in a stored procedure?

Best Solution

SET XACT_ABORT ON instructs SQL Server to rollback the entire transaction and abort the batch when a run-time error occurs. It covers you in cases like a command timeout occurring on the client application rather than within SQL Server itself (which isn't covered by the default XACT_ABORT OFF setting.)

Since a query timeout will leave the transaction open, SET XACT_ABORT ON is recommended in all stored procedures with explicit transactions (unless you have a specific reason to do otherwise) as the consequences of an application performing work on a connection with an open transaction are disastrous.

There's a really great overview on Dan Guzman's Blog,