Threads vs Cores

hyperthreadingmulticoremultithreading

Say if I have a processor like this which says # cores = 4, # threads = 4 and without Hyper-threading support.

Does that mean I can run 4 simultaneous program/process (since a core is capable of running only one thread)?
Or does that mean I can run 4 x 4 = 16 program/process simultaneously?

From my digging, if no Hyper-threading, there will be only 1 thread (process) per core. Correct me if I am wrong.

Best Solution

A thread differs from a process. A process can have many threads. A thread is a sequence of commands that have a certain order. A logical core can execute on sequence of commands. The operating system distributes all the threads to all the logical cores available, and if there are more threads than cores, threads are processed in a fast cue, and the core switches from one to another very fast.

It will look like all the threads run simultaneously, when actually the OS distributes CPU time among them.

Having multiple cores gives the advantage that less concurrent threads will be placed on one single core, less switching between threads = greater speed.

Hyper-threading creates 2 logical cores on 1 physical core, and makes switching between threads much faster.