Windows – How does windows manages users & passwords


I'm doing a research of the encryption methods of Linux and Windows.

I do know Linux manages his password by the shadow file (/etc/shadow), encrypting each one (mostly) by MD5 or SHA and saving them on that file, but which file does windows uses to manage users & passwords?

Can someone give me a little explanation or any website I can read about it?

Best Solution

The files are C:\WINDOWS\system32\config\SAM and C:\WINDOWS\system32\config\SYSTEM